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Specializing in Rare and Antiquarian Books on the Occult and more.

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THE BOOK OF OPENING THE MOUTH. The Egyptian Texts with English Translations (1909) by E. A. Wallis Budge (complete in 2 volumes)

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THE BOOK OF OPENING THE MOUTH. The Egyptian Texts with English Translations (1909) by E. A. Wallis Budge (complete in 2 volumes)

175.00

BUDGE, E. A. Wallis

The Book of Opening the Mouth. The Egyptian Texts with English Translations (2 Volumes, Complete)

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd., 1909. First Edition. Two volumes. Hardcover. Small octavo. Bound in brown cloth with black ornamental borders and titles to front. Frontispiece photo to volume I. xx + 246, viii + 228 pp. Vol. I with 1 plate and 56 illustrations in text. Vol. II with 43 illustrations in text. 

Two tears to cloth along rear gutter of volume one (see photos) - does not affect binding, some spotting and rubbing to spines, mild edge wear, slight leans to spine, browning to endpapers. Small bookseller’s ticket to front pastedown. Pages are clean and unmarked. A good to very good set.

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The Book of Opening of the Mouth is here presented in the Hieroglyphic text and with an English translation. It is edited from three surviving copies which were written in the XIXth, XXth and XXVIth Dynasties respectively. Though these copies are comparatively modern, it is certain that they describe magical ceremonies which originated among the primitive indigenous inhabitants of the Nile Valley, and reproduce ancient formulae which were recited during their performance. The object of the ceremonies and formulae was the reconstitution of the body of the dead man and the restoration to it of the heart-soul (Ba), and the double (Ka). At the moment of death the immaterial and spiritual elements of the man left him. The immortal spirit-soul (Khu) departed to the abode of spirit-souls, which was situated in some place either in heaven, or beyond the limits of this world (not below it), but the heart-soul and the Ka remained on earth, near the body, and had to be provided with meat and drink and a dwelling place. The recital of the Book of Opening the Mouth and the Liturgy of Funeral Offerings, and the performance of the ceremonies described in them, were believed in all periods to recreate the body, and to enable its spiritual elements to continue their existence. In the earliest times the ceremonies were performed on the actual dead body, but subsequently, perhaps because it was more convenient, or perhaps as a result of a change of thought, a statue was substituted for it. The ceremonies were in use among the Predynastic Egyptians of the later part of the Neolithic Period, before the art of writing had evolved, and continued to exercise a considerable influence on Egyptian religious literature until the time of the Roman Empire.